The Art of Calligraphy in Asia
Calligraphy in Asia
Calligraphy is the art of producing Attractive handwriting or decorative lettering with a pen or brush. It has been appreciated as an art form in many different cultures throughout the world as a method of Visual Artistry.
Throughout East Asia, Calligraphy is widely practiced and admired. These include China, Japan, Korea, and to a lesser extent, Vietnam. Chinese and Japanese Calligraphy are most popular. Although Japanese calligraphy is inspired from China, both have differences in terms of characters, letters, complexity and variations.
In Chinese Calligraphy, Characters are expressive images designed by varying the speed and pressure of a pointed Chinese brush. By controlling the absorption of ink, the thickness and soaking ability of the paper, and the flexibility and stretching of the brush, thus the artist produce numerous variety of styles and forms.
The amount of strokes in the characters changes the essence and overall look of the calligraphy.
Chinese calligraphy is a way to enjoy visual artistry.
TOOLS AND MATERIAL REQUIRED
In modern day Calligraphy, a number of tools are used to make a artistic Composition.
The brush, the paper (or silk), the ink and ink stone are the most basic elements in calligraphy. They are known together as the Four Treasures of the Study.
The creativity and flow are controlled through character size, light and dark contrast, and speed of application of the line.
The shape, size, stretch and type of hair in the brush, the color and density of the ink, as well as the absorptive speed and surface texture of the paper are the main physical parameters influencing the final result.
During calligraphy process, the brush is filled often, placed with attention, and moved with deliberation, resulting in uniform brush strokes.
The calligrapher controls the amount of ink/water the brush absorb up, then by the stress , hand and brush inclination, and direction of the brush, producing thinner or bolder strokes, and smooth or toothed borders.
Ultimately, the pace of calligrapher, acceleration and deceleration of the moves, turns, and needlepoint, and the stroke order decide the final shape of the characters in calligraphy.